Dysbacteriosis - a fairly common ailment,occurring in both adults and children. Especially often it occurs in newborns and infants, because they have a microflora of the intestine only begins to form, and immunity is often weakened. How to treat dysbiosis in infants?
The microflora of the human intestine consists of several hundred species of bacteria, fungi and protozoa. All of them are divided into two large groups - obligate flora and optional flora. Obligatnaya flora Are microorganisms that mustbe present in the intestine. Some of them are useful, as they have a positive effect on digestion and immunity, some are neutral, that is, they do not affect our health in any way.
TO facultative flora include microorganisms, whose presence in the intestine is not mandatory. Most of them are conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, which under unfavorable conditions (stress, infection, reduced immunity, violation of diet) can begin to multiply and cause disease.
Dysbacteriosis in newborns is a condition in which the balance of the intestinal microflora is disturbed: the number of useful and neutral microorganisms decreases, and their place is occupied by pathogenic bacteria.
In the first days of life, a newborn child has a so-called transient dysbiosis. The fact is that immediately after the birth of microfloraintestine in the child is absent, it is formed gradually. And at the stage of its formation, the child may have symptoms of dysbiosis: unstable watery stool with mucus, regurgitation, abdominal pain.
Transient dysbacteriosis in newborns is notis a disease and passes in the second week of the life of the baby, if there are no aggravating factors (reduced immunity, infectious diseases, etc.). Great importance for the formation of normal microflora has breastfeeding.
However, dysbacteriosis in infants, which has already developed after the final formation of microflora, can be dangerous to health. Typical symptoms of dysbiosis - bloating, paroxysmal spasms of the intestines, regurgitation, diarrhea (feces with a sour or putrid smell), which may change with time constipation.
Usually Dysbacteriosis develops against a background of some other health problem. It can be forced reception of antibiotics by a nursing mother or the child himself, infection, stress, an unfavorable ecological situation, and some other factors.
How to treat dysbiosis in children? Treatment of a dysbacteriosis can appoint only the doctor, children's dysbacteriosis and self-medication are two incompatible things. The most common treatment is complex treatment.
First eliminate the root cause of dysbiosis, and then prescribe special drugs,normalizing the microflora (some drugs are used to control pathogenic microorganisms, part - to restore the obligate flora). To suppress the growth of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, bacteriophages (preferably) or antibiotics (if there is no other way out) are prescribed, to restore obligate flora - probiotics.
It is important to remember that Dysbacteriosis in itself is not a disease (in particular, the diagnosis of "dysbiosis" is absent in the ICD-10). Usually this is only one manifestation of another disease, so the main effort should be directed specifically at eliminating the cause of dysbiosis.
For prevention of dysbiosis it is very important to breastfeed, correctfeeding the nursing mother, observing all the rules of personal hygiene and caring for the baby. If any suspicious symptoms appear on the part of the digestive tract, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible, because your child's health is in your hands.