Each of us has our own color preferences andtheir perception of color, knowingly say that "the taste and color of comrades there." It is a scientifically proven fact that color preferences and color perception are very individual. And the fact that one person "cuts the eye" - the other from the contemplation of the same color combinations feels pleasure. An important role in color preferences is played by intellect: the higher the level of intelligence, the more complex and subtle shades and combinations of colors people like. An example of this can serve as a psychologically thin painting of a professional artist and popular prints of bright rural masters.
The question of the reason for the different coloration of bodies has occupied the mind of man since ancient times</a>, when philosophers and scientists believed that color -is the property of the body itself. Although they could not explain the change in this color depending on the time of day or lighting conditions. It was believed that different colors are obtained as a "mixture" of light and darkness. People watched the rainbow, the play of colors on the faces of diamonds and glass prisms, which were brought as an oddity from China, but only Newton discovered the connection between the magnificent rainbow colors and the color of the bodies.
An important discovery owned by Newton,was the separation of colors into simple ones, which can not be decomposed into components and complex ones, which are a collection of simple colors. The most complex white color in this sense is a kind of "squeezing the rainbow". Everyone knows that mixing simple yellow and blue gives a complex green color, and blue and red - purple.
In addition to simple and complex colors, in opticsthere is also a very interesting phenomenon - the presence of additional colors, when the overlay of colored glasses on each other, resulting in a white color. Such colors, which seem to "extinguish" each other, are called additional colors. So the bluish-green tone serves as an additional to red, to the blue one, and to the purple yellow-green tone.
In nature, the existence of pure color, withoutimpurities, quite rarely. Even in the rainbow, the colors do not pass into each other "jumps", and this "smoothness" of the transition, that is, the gradual addition of a different color to the base color, creates the concept of tones and shades, but the absence of "impurities" characterizes the purity of color. For example, the yellow stands next to the green, but when going into it, it goes from yellow-green to green-yellow (or else they say "green to yellowness"), depending on what color prevails in tone. The predominant color in this case will be the main color, and added to it by a shade.
Blending colors, or better to say addingone color in another, as artists do, mixing paints, it is possible not only in a number of colors in the spectrum, but also opposite or far apart from each other. So appears red with a hint of purple - crimson color. Adding a gray color to the main color gives muted tones: gray-blue, gray-green, gray-lilac. But the addition of black, makes the colors dark. The impurity of white, as it were, weakens the color, and the absence of whiteness is characterized by the concept of color saturation. The most saturated colors have velvet fabric, this is explained in physics.
If the colors are placed next to each other, do notmixing, or stain one color to impose on another, you will get a combination of different colors or tones. And then there are concepts of "background" and "contrast". The background is the color predominant in area, on which a spot is superimposed, but the sensation of a color spot on the background is called contrast. And the more saturated the color, the stronger the contrast.
The combination of tones that have different shades, butlocated within the same color is called monochrome. A classic example of a monochrome combination is a black and white TV, when the degree of dilution of black color is white, a visible image is created on the screen.
Of course, monochrome combinations usingother colors look more interesting and give original variants of decoration. For example, in the interior of the bedroom yellow predominates, but its different tones are used: dark yellow, yellow-brown, pale yellow, amber.
Set used in decorating flowerscreates a color gamut. And here is a direct analogy with music, because each color is like a note. Sounding separately, it is not very expressive, but in a chord or a musical phrase it can make a strong impression. And from how much talents are composed (colors and shades) there is a harmony of sounds or cacophony and noise.
Feelings of a person in a particular colorenvironment is the basis of creating an interior in a particular color or color scheme. Some color combinations in the interior are unacceptable, as long-term stays cause negative emotions or aggression. For example, an interior with a rich red background in combination with bright pink or juicy green spots, a person with normal psyche and standard color perception (not colorblind) is very difficult to endure.
Strong color contrasts, when combinedsaturated colors far apart from each other in the spectrum, also refer to uncomfortable combinations, for example, bright violet with a rich yellow, causes irritation.
To escape from the hitting contrasts, you can dim the brightColor gray or black or lowered the color saturation - by bleaching it. Then a combination of thick dark purple and pale yellow will look quite acceptable and will give the interior an extravagant shade. Or orange furniture in the kitchen on the background of gray-blue walls - this combination turns out to be contrasting, but not tense, but cheerful. Using the same two colors in weakened, pastel shades, we get a refreshing "spring" combination (transparent sand and light blue).
But the use in the interior of a combination of approximate, transient colors (the so-called nuance) acts soothingly.
(based on alta-d.ru)