A very important role in the development of the child is played bydevelopment of speech. Some parents let him into the dark, thinking that the child himself will learn to speak, imitating them, and then are surprised that he has a small vocabulary or problems with diction. The task of parents is to help the child learn to speak coherently and correctly. In this they will help games for the development of children's speech.
In fact, children's developmental games are difficult to divide into categories, after all the child's mental processes are closely interrelated. Logic, attention, thinking, speech depend on each otherfrom a friend, so games for the development of children's speech one way or another help to develop, for example, thinking. In the process of such a game, the child not only improves his speech skills, but also gets acquainted with the world around him, the properties of various objects, human relationships, etc.
But, despite this, the primary goal of any game for the development of children's speech - this, of course, develop the speech. Such games help develop an active oral speech, introduce important concepts, learn how to correctly formulate sentences, form grammatical forms, and use phraseological units in speech.
Games for the development of children's speech
Who is what?
In addition to the development of speech, this game helps to introduce the child to the properties of various objects. Plus it's that you do not need to spend it separately - you can play it on the way to the kindergarten or on the playground when the child decided to take a break from active games.
Ask the child the question: "What is the ball like?""(Or any other subject well-known to him). Let him pick up the properties suitable for the object: "The ball is large or small, red or blue, plastic or rubber ..." If the child can not immediately understand at least one option, name a pair of adjectives themselves. Do not press on the child, forcing him to come up with many properties at once.
It is possible to approach on the other hand - to select notproperties to the object, and the object to the properties. For example, ask the child: "What can be soft?". And he let him pick up the suitable items: "Soft cotton, cotton, pillow ..." Please note that the game should be unobtrusive, do not give the child a semblance of oral examination.
Who's doing what?
This game is a variant of the previous one, only here to objects and beings you need to select not the properties of the action. You name an object or creature, and a child -a suitable action to him, or better - a few. For example, "A dog - barking, growling, wagging its tail ..." You can name two objects or living beings, and the child let him name the action that unites them. For example, "aircraft and birds fly".
You can go from the reverse and select items toaction: either a lot of objects for the same action ("Flying is a bird, an airplane, a fly, a kite ...") or one object / creature for an action peculiar only to it. In this case, animals ("Who lives in a den - Bear") or a profession ("Who treats illnesses - the Doctor") are good suited.
Complete the offer
This game helps the child learn how to build sentences correctly and establish cause-effect relationships. Start saying the sentence, but cut it off at the most interesting place and ask for it to finish. Suggestions can be:
It became dark outside, because ...
Kidneys appeared on trees, because ...
I put on a warm jacket, because ...
This game will help the child learn to use diminutive suffixes (-ik, -ishk, -oshk, -ushk, etc.). Tell the child: "Let me call you something or someone, and you will" make it small ", for example: a house - a house, a rabbit - a rabbit and so on."
To begin with, it is better to give the child the same words,in which the same suffix is used so that it does not get confused. Then you can go to the words with another suffix, and when the child learns a few suffixes, ask already "scatter".
If you play with animal names, you needfollow that instead of the diminutive form of the child did not call the young animals. That is, not a wolf is a wolf, but a wolf is a top, not a lamb is a lamb, and a sheep is a lamb, etc.
If a child is difficult to add suffixes to words,then you can play "in the opposite direction" - you call the word with a suffix, and the child "increases" it, naming the word from which it was formed: house - house, table - table, etc.