The ability to conscious thinking and speech -a distinctive feature of such a biological species as Homo Sapiens. Speech begins to form in children literally from birth and this process is inextricably linked with the process of formation of thinking.
Development of speech up to a year
During the first year of life of the childa basis is laid for the future formation of a full-fledged speech. Even newborns communicate verbally with the world: crying, crying - all this is a way of communicating with adults, indicates the discomfort felt by the baby. At about three months the child begins to pronounce the sounds of "gu", "agu". This, as a rule, is an expression of contentment, an indicator of a good mood. A half-year-old child in one way or another tries to imitate sounds heard from adults. The lexicon is supplemented with syllables "ma", "ba", "nya", "pa" and some others. At the age of seven to eight months the baby tries to answer adults' speech, recognizing it. He, listening to the request, can show on a certain subject, trying to recreate more sounds, especially if they are "prompted" by the family, by example, by "meow", "bah", "am-am." In a year the child can already pronounce the first words, and makes it meaningful; passive vocabulary is manifested.
Development of speech up to three years
At 12 months of age, non-verbal lexiconis the basis of the communicative ability of the child, but by the two years the vocabulary has expanded to about 300 units. Between the year and two, the baby learns to pronounce words correctly, learn new words, try to construct the simplest sentences, and link several verbal elements together. The connectivity of thinking and speech as a whole is formed. During the second year of life, the child, as a rule, is actively engaged in word-making and in connection with this allows some mistakes in pronunciation. "I'm lying" instead of "I'm lying" - a typical example of the formation of words. It is important at the same time to gently correct the baby, in no case mimicking him and not focusing on the problem. In three years the child learns the speech basis, knows a lot of words (up to a thousand), more or less correctly builds sentences and tries to ask a lot of different questions.
Delay in the development of children's speech
The development of speech is inextricably linked with cognitionof the world, because the older and "more experienced" the baby becomes, the larger his vocabulary and the general speech possibilities become. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that girls usually start talking earlier and at the same time try to do it as correctly as possible. Boys prefer to express themselves in their own way, but before they master the rules for constructing phrases. In addition, each child develops due to its individuality, so some delays in the development of speech should not scare parents. If the speech, according to the adult, is too "weak" for the child's age, contact a specialist - the consultation will certainly prove to be useful. The main thing is not to "wind" yourself from scratch.
Lessons on the development of speech in kindergarten
Benefits for the development of children's speech
Of course, there are many auxiliary materials to improve the speech of the child. The most popular authors and their books:
- Gribov. "What to do if the child does not speak"
- Krupenchuk. "Poems for the development of speech"
- Ermakova. "Talk to me, Mom"
- Zhukov. "Lessons of the speech therapist"
- Kuritsyn, Tarayev. "Games for the development of speech"
- Buiko "Miracle-trainer" and many others
Exercises for the development of children's speech
There are a lot of exercises that will helpadults better to know their own baby and help him in such a difficult lesson as mastering the rules of speech. As often as possible talk with the child, especially when he is in a good mood. Sing songs, learn the lullabies. Read books and show pictures to your child, be sure to repeatedly say the items you are pointing at. At two or three years of age it is useful to "reduce" the child with peers, to introduce new people in general - all this contributes to the development of verbal and non-verbal speech. Remember: love, patience, attention to the child very soon will give the most pleasant result.
A fairy tale game for the development of speech in children